TAMAÑO DE LA LETRA 
Maximizar Fuente Minimizar Fuente
HR Hybrid Forum
C1 GRAMMAR BANK: VERB PATTERNS part 2
POR RRHH Digital, 00:04 - 20 de Enero del 2014

 V + bare infinitive (infinitive without ‘to’):

The following verbs are followed by the bare infinitive:

  • Help can be used with or without ‘to’.

I helped Sarah (to) carry the bags.

  • Make and expressions with make.

They made me leave.

In the passive, to is used.

I was made to leave.

  • Let and expressions with let.

They didn’t let me leave.

Let me go!

 

  • V + infinitive or gerund:
    • Certain verbs can be followed by gerunds or infinitives, but their meaning changes. The most common ones are:

stop

+ infinitive

I stopped to write the report

I stopped what I was doing in order to write the report

+ gerund

I stopped writing the report

I was writing the report, then I stopped

remember

+ infinitive

He must remember to buy the presents

He has the obligation of buying the presents in the future

+ gerund

He remembers buying the presents

He bought the presents earlier and he remembers doing so

forget

+ infinitive

They forgot to book the room

They did not remember to do it and the room is not booked

+ gerund

They forgot having booked the room

They booked the room but do not remember doing so

try

+ infinitive

He tried to study for about 8 hours a day

He made an effort to do so

+ gerund

He had even tried working at weekends

He tried as an experiment

regret

+ infinitive

I regret to tell you that I cannot come

I am sorry to have to tell you that I can’t come now

+ gerund

I now regret being so mean

I regret something I have done

go on

+ infinitive

The President went on to praise the Minister

He continued his speech by praising the Minister

+ gerund

She went on working even though it was late

She continued working

mean

+ infinitive

I only meant to tell you about the party

Synonym of intend

+ gerund

If we leave at 6:00 it will mean getting up at 4:15

Synonym of involve

consider

+ infinitive

He is considered to be the best tennis player

Reporting an opinion

+ gerund

At one point I considered emigrating.

Meaning ‘think about

require

+ infinitive

They required him to fill out a form

He was obliged/asked to do so

+ gerund

These letters require typing

It needs to be done

hear, see, watch

+ infinitive

We watched all the cars cross the finishing line

The action is complete

+ gerund

I heard someone coming up the stairs

The action is still in progress

allow, forbid, permit

+ object + infinitive

The school forbids the students to smoke

These verbs are followed by ‘to’ infinitive if an object is in between. If not, they are followed by gerund.

+ gerund

The school does not allow smoking

like

+ infinitive

We like to go out to lunch on Sunday

Habitual specific preferences

not like

+ infinitive

I don’t like to disturb colleagues at home

think it is wrong’

 

  • The verbs attempt, begin, continue, intend, plan, propose, start can be followed by gerund or infinitive, without changing the meaning:

There is no difference in meaning whether we use gerund or infinitive. Intend, plan and propose can be followed that + clause. This may include should.

 

Powered by CAPMAN

 

*Si te ha resultado interesante este artículo, te animamos a seguirnos en TWITTER y a suscribirte a nuestra NEWSLETTER DIARIA.

RRHHDigital

ENVÍE SU COMENTARIO
Lo más leído
Los lectores Opinan

¿Cómo está siendo el regreso al trabajo en tu empresa tras el verano?
Volvemos de forma presencial
Volvemos teletrabajando
Sistema mixto: días de teletrabajo y días de oficina
Unos teletrabajan y otros trabajan de forma presencial
rrhhdigital-blanco
RRHH Digital
El periódico online de recursos humanos y empleo
Otros periódicos del Grupo Ediciones Digitales Siglo 21
Secciones
Contacto

Aviso Legal
© CopyRight 2016 RRHHDigital